“Since Messiah has come in the flesh and died for our sins, the only way to “turn from transgression” is to accept the propitiation of the atoning sacrifice Y’shua made on our behalf. This is true for Jews and Gentiles alike, and in Romans 11, Paul is reminding the Gentiles he is writing to, that Israel is the source of our salvation, not vice versa.”
Sadly, having been steeped in Replacement Theology, the anti-Judaic attitude of the church has been that Jews must become Gentile Christians to be saved. The more I study Scripture, the more I understand that the opposite is true. Paul specifically reminds his gentile converts that it is they who have been grafted into Israel, not the other way around. Rabbi Shaul did not just pull this out of his little round Kippa (Yarmulke). In the prophesy from which we get the phrase “New Covenant” Yahveh speaks the following through the Prophet Jeremiah:
Jeremiah 31:31-33 (NASB)
31 "Behold, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them," declares the LORD. 33 "But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days," declares the LORD, "I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. (Emphasis mine.)
The “New Covenant” prophesied by Jeremiah, spoken of by Y'shua and written about by Rabbi Shaul is with “the house of Israel and the house of Judah” not with the gentiles. It is understandable that the Gentile Church would want to believe that they have replaced Israel, in order to avail themselves of this promised New Covenant, but they have it backwards. In Jeremiah 31, Yahveh goes on to say:
Jeremiah 31:35-36 (NASB)
35 Thus says the LORD, Who gives the sun for light by day And the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, Who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar; The LORD of hosts is His name: 36 "If this fixed order departs From before Me," declares the LORD, "Then the offspring of Israel also will cease From being a nation before Me forever."
The promised return of Judah to the land that Yahveh gave to Abraham’s descendents as an everlasting possession is prima facie evidence that the gentile church has not replaced Israel in the heart of Yahveh or in His plan for the end of days. Someday, Ephraim (Israel), “the fullness of the Gentiles" will return to the Land of Israel and be reunited with Judah (see Romans 11:25-26, Ezekiel 37:15-23, and my previous post). I believe that we gentiles who have been grafted into Israel by accepting Israel’s Messiah will accompany Ephraim (Israel) back to the Land of Israel. It is therefore essential that we understand that our salvation in the New Covenant lies not in replacing Israel in this scenario, but in being grafted into her by adoption. As such, we must have the attitude toward Yahveh's Jewish People that Shaul expresses in Romans.